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Treatment for people with
tuberculosis (TB) who also have
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is nearly the same
as for people who don't have HIV. But there are some important differences,
Experts recommend one of the following treatments to cure a latent TB infection in people with HIV infection.
People who are infected with HIV take a combination of four medicines
daily for 2 months to treat active TB. This is followed by two medicines daily
for the next 4 months.1
American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention, Infectious Diseases Society of America (2003). Treatment of
tuberculosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 167(4): 603–662.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Recommendations for use of an isoniazid-rifapentine regimen with direct observation to treat latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. MMWR, 60(48): 1650–1653. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6048a3.htm.
Tuberculosis Coalition for Technical Assistance (2006). International standards for tuberculosis care (ISTC). Available online: http://www.who.int/tb/publications/2006/istc_report.pdf.
February 7, 2012
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & R. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology
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