Skip to Content
Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Surgical Excision of Melanoma
Surgery to remove (excise) a
melanoma removes the entire melanoma along with a
border (margin) of normal-appearing skin. The width of the border of normal
skin removed depends on the depth of the melanoma. More tissue, usually
skin and fat, is also removed from under the melanoma.
The type of anesthetic used for your surgery depends on the size
and location of the melanoma. Surgery on small, easily reached melanomas may
require only a
local anesthetic, while surgery for larger melanomas
Recovery after surgery to remove a melanoma depends upon the site
and extent of surgery. The wound may take longer to heal if reconstructive
surgery techniques such as
skin grafts are used.
Surgery is the most common treatment for melanoma. Sometimes lymph nodes may be removed at the same time to check them for cancer. Surgery also may be done to remove lymph nodes that have cancer or to remove tumors that may have spread to other parts of the body.
Surgery to remove the melanoma usually cures melanoma if it is found early. Surgery may cure melanoma if the cancer is only in the nearby lymph nodes.
Surgery may be used to treat metastatic
melanoma. This only cures the cancer in a few cases. But surgery may provide the most effective and longest-lasting relief of
Risks of surgery to remove melanoma include:
Your doctor may need to do a biopsy (sentinel lymph node biopsy) of the lymph nodes near the melanoma to see if the cancer has spread (metastasized). The biopsy will be done before or during surgery to remove the melanoma.
Complete the surgery information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you prepare for this surgery.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerAmy McMichael, MD - Dermatology
Current as ofNovember 14, 2014
Current as of:
November 14, 2014
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Amy McMichael, MD - Dermatology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Send Us Your Feedback
North Kansas City Hospital