Skip to Content
Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Range-of-Motion Exercises
juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) must do regular
range-of-motion exercises to prevent
contractures and to maintain joint range and
If your child is 4 years old or younger, an adult will need to move
the child's joints through the range-of-motion exercises. This is called
passive range of motion. The adult will gently move the joints from a bent
position to a straightened position several times. Range-of-motion exercises
may be painful during a flare of arthritis. So it is very important to be
gentle. Exercises should be done at least twice a day. And they should be
reviewed now and then by a physical therapist.
Older children can do the exercises themselves but may still need
adult supervision. Children need support and encouragement from the family to
encourage your child to participate in low-impact sports, such as
swimming, biking, or rowing. These aerobic exercises are good for the heart and
lungs, build strength, and keep joints flexible. Doing activities like these with other children helps improve a child's ability to function
and builds self-confidence. It may also reduce pain, disability, and the need
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSusan C. Kim, MD - PediatricsSpecialist Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Current as ofSeptember 9, 2014
Current as of:
September 9, 2014
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Send Us Your Feedback
North Kansas City Hospital.