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Fiber Type Disproportion, Congenital

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Fiber Type Disproportion, Congenital is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Atrophy of Type I Fibers
  • CFTD
  • Myopathy of Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion
  • Myopathy, Congenital, With Fiber-Type Disproportion
  • CFTDM

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Congenital fiber type disproportion (CFTD) is a rare genetic muscle disease that is usually apparent at birth (congenital myopathy). It belongs to a group of muscle conditions called the congenital myopathies that tend to affect people in a similar pattern. Major symptoms may include loss of muscle tone (hypotonia) and generalized muscle weakness. Affected infants may also have distinctive facial features. Additional common symptoms that occur include abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine (scoliosis), delays in motor development, dislocated hips, and the permanent fixation of certain joints in a flexed position (contractures).

The diagnosis of congenital fiber type disproportion is controversial. The changes to muscle tissue that characterize the disorder can also occur in association with many other disorders or conditions including other congenital muscle disorders, Krabbe disease, Lowe's syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, fetal alcohol syndrome, and a variety of brain malformations such as cerebellar hypoplasia. These conditions should be excluded before a diagnosis of CFTD is made. Most patients with CFTD have no other affected relatives (sporadic). Some cases are inherited as an autosomal recessive or dominant trait. In one family, CFTD was inherited as an X-linked recessive trait.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Information Clearinghouse
One AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

European Alliance of Neuromuscular Disorders Associations
MDG Malta 4
Gzira Road
Gzira, Intl GAR 04
Malta
Tel: 00356 21 346688
Fax: 00356 21 318024
Email: eamda@hotmail.com
Internet: http://www.eamda.net

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  9/23/2007
Copyright  1989, 1999, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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