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Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Speech and Language Milestones, Ages 1 to 3 Years
Speech and language development milestones relate to receptive
language (the ability to understand words and sounds) and expressive language
(the ability to use speech and gestures to communicate meaning).
Most 1-year-olds begin to understand the meanings of words. Their
receptive language grows from understanding names of people and objects, to
being able to follow simple requests sometime between ages 1 and 2. Expressive
language advances from primarily using gestures and babbling at age 1, to using
words, simple phrases, and some early sentence structures between ages 2 and 3.
1-year-olds (12 months to 24 months):
2-year-olds (24 months to 36 months):
Dixon SD (2006). Two years: Language leaps. In SD
Dixon, MT Stein, eds., Encounters With Children: Pediatric Behavior and Development, 4th ed., pp. 383–409. Philadelphia: Mosby
Andrews JS, Fieldman HM (2011). Language delay. In CD Rudolph et al., eds., Rudolph's Pediatrics, 22nd ed., pp. 331–334. New York: McGraw-Hill.
December 21, 2012
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics
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