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Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Child Safety: Preventing Burns
Burns are a potential hazard in any home. There are four kinds of burning hazards that may hurt your child:
Heat burns, also called thermal burns, are caused by contact with
fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Tap water is a leading cause of
Protect your child from heat burns in the following ways:
Electrical burns are caused by contact with electrical sources or by
lightning. Electrical current passing through a person's body may injure blood
vessels, nerves, and muscles. Also, the throat and lungs can swell
rapidly and severely, making breathing hard. The current can also damage
Protect your child around your home by using the following safety
Friction burns are caused by contact with any hard surface such as
pavement ("road rash"), carpets, or gym floor surfaces. Most friction burns
that occur in young children aren't serious. But they can be
uncomfortable and painful. You can help prevent friction burns in the following
Chemical burns need evaluation and treatment. Call the
Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222 for specific
treatment for a chemical burn. Have the product container with you when you
Burns can result from contact with a solid, powdered, or liquid
chemical. A chemical burn may be serious because of the action of the corrosive
or irritating chemicals on the skin. A chemical burn on the skin is often
deeper and larger than it may first appear. Chemical fumes and vapors can also
irritate or damage the body, especially the skin, lungs, and eyes. A swallowed
chemical may be poisonous or may cause burning in the throat and
Help protect young children from chemical burns by keeping the
following types of items completely out of reach:
If your children use battery-operated toys, make sure the batteries
are in protective casings that require assistance from an adult to open (such
as casings secured with screws).
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - PediatricsSpecialist Medical ReviewerThomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics
Current as ofJune 9, 2016
Current as of:
June 9, 2016
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics
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