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Hydrocephalus of the brain occurs when there is an imbalance in how
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is made and absorbed, or in
how it flows. One way to classify this condition is by how the imbalance
occurs. There are two main ways:
In very rare cases the brain tissue makes too much CSF and the body
can't properly absorb or distribute the high amount of fluid. This is called
Cerebrospinal fluid sometimes builds up rapidly, such as with an
injury, and can cause sudden and severe damage if not treated. Other times the
fluid gradually accumulates and may not cause problems right away.
Types of hydrocephalus include:
With all types of hydrocephalus, early detection and treatment are
important to minimize or prevent long-term problems.
January 24, 2012
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Christian G. Zimmerman, MD, FACS, MBA - Neurological Surgery
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