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CPOE Glossary of Terms


Alerts: An automated system where clinical alerts, medication interactions, etc. are displayed to the provider. Alerts are also called pop-ups.

Ambulatory Clinic: Hospital clinics where the majority of care is provided on an outpatient basis.

Authentication: The verification of the identity of a person when accessing a computer or program.

Clinical Decision Support System: A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is a computer program(s) designed to assist physicians and other health professionals with decision making tasks.

Clinical messaging: Communication of clinical information within the electronic medical record to other healthcare personnel.

CMS: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

COWS (Computer on Wheels): COWS are mobile wireless computer designed to be positioned where patient care is provided.

CPOE (Computerized Physician Order Entry): A system for physicians to electronically enter all orders for patient care from admission through discharge.

Depart Process: The depart process is designed to make the discharge process more efficient and reduce readmissions. The depart process includes making sure the patient has received education, medication reconciliation has been performed, follow up information, orders, etc. have been provided at the time of discharge.

DME (Durable Medical Equipment): Medical equipment used at home.

Drug Formulary Database: this EMR feature is used for electronic prescribing, electronic medical record (EMR), and computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems to present formulary status to the provider while during the prescribing decision. []

EHR (Electronic Health Record): A computer program designed to store a patient’s clinical and demographic information. Electronic Signature: Electronic means to indicate that a person wrote or agrees with the contents of an order or message.

EP: Eligible Professional

Electronic Prescribing (ePrescribe): Electronic prescribing is the process of entering a medication order into a computer system and sending to a pharmacy electronically.

EBM (Evidence based medicine): Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise to aid in the diagnosis and management of patients. [2012,]

HIE (Health Information Exchange): an HIE is a platform designed to enable the sharing of a patient’s electronic health information, including test results, history and physical, images, etc., with the patient’s other providers regardless of location and EMR vendor.

Hybrid Record: Refers to the condition of a patient’s medical record being partially electronic and partially paper based.

Meaningful Use: A set of standards enforced by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in addition to HIPAA standards and regulations.

Medication Reconciliation: As defined by the JCAHO, medication reconciliation is "the process of comparing a patient's medication orders to all of the medications that the patient has been taking”. This reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors such as omissions, duplications, dosing errors, or drug interactions.

Order Sentences: Order sentences are groups of order parameters that can be selected instead completing each field of an order. Order Sentences are designed to speed up order entry of common orders.

Patient Portal: A patient portal enables a patient to interact with their healthcare providers over a secure internet connection. Some functionality of a patient portal include scheduling appointments, register in system, request prescription refills, view results and images and pay accounts.

PHR (Personal Health Record): A PHR is a collection of health information that is entered and maintained by the patient.

Powerplan: A powerplan is Cerner’s solution to an electronic orderset.

Remote Access: Remote access allows healthcare providers to access the EMR from home or another off-site location. SSO (Single sign-on): Enables user authentication to all authorized computers and systems without the need to enter multiple passwords.

Workflow: The process where tasks are performed, and/or where information or documents are passed from one participant to another to be acted upon.

Zero Clients: Zero clients are computer devices connected to the computer network but do not contain a hard drive. All processing is performed on a centralized server.  


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