Kidney Stones

Kidney stones, or nephrolithiasis, are one of the most common - and painful - urinary tract disorders. While they typically do not cause any permanent damage, they can affect any area of the urinary tract, from your kidneys to your bladder. Most people pass kidney stones on their own; however, sometimes, medical intervention is needed.

Symptoms

As a kidney stone moves through the urinary tract to exit your body, you may experience some of the following kidney stone symptoms:

  • Blood in your urine
  • Frequent and painful urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in your back, side, stomach, groin or genitals
  • Sudden, severe pain that comes in waves

Treatment

kidney stones

Lithotripsy is one way to treat kidney stones. While not the only treatment, it is the most common method because it doesn't require surgery. Shock waves are used to break the kidney stone into small pieces that can pass from the body more easily than one large stone. Stone fragments usually pass within a few weeks. Depending on the size of the stone, you may need only one treatment. The larger the stone, the more likely it is that you will need more than one treatment.