In general, women experience joint and bone problems more often than
men do. Nearly one-half of women will suffer a broken bone as a result
of osteoporosis, a disease that weakens bones and makes them susceptible
to breakage. Symptoms occurring late in the disease include bone pain
or tenderness, fractures with little or no trauma, loss of height over
time, low back pain due to fractures of the spinal bones, neck pain due
to fractures of the spinal bones and stooped posture. If you have early
or advanced signs of osteoporosis, get treated. There are drug and
hormone therapies to help preserve or increase bone mass along with diet
and lifestyle changes.
At North Kansas City Hospital, we are dedicated to helping those
women who are in early, middle and advanced stages of osteoporosis, but
as a matter of principle we firmly believe in taking steps toward
prevention, especially since symptoms are hard to recognize in early
stages of the disease.
It is crucial for children and teenagers who are undergoing peak bone
growth as well as all adult women to learn to live and eat well to
protect their bones.
Get enough calcium.
- 1,500 milligrams for teens.
- 1,000 before menopause
- 1,500 for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
- 1,500 for women after menopause who are not on hormone replacement therapy.
FYI: a cup of low fat milk or yogurt has 300 milligrams of
calcium. Don't forget vitamin D which helps to absorb calcium. Good
sources of vitamin D are saltwater fish, liver, milk, and egg yolks.
Get enough exercise.
Any type of weight-bearing exercise (30 minutes daily) help keep your
bones and muscles strong. Walking, dancing, climbing steps, and lifting
weights all help to prevent osteoporosis.
Don't smoke. Smoking is associated with lower bone density and higher risk of osteoporosis.
Know your risk for the disease. Consider family history of disease or
hip fractures, white or Asian descent, thin or small-boned body frame,
smoking, alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, and certain medication
like anti-convulsants, thyroid hormone, and corticosteroids as risk
factors. If at risk, consider getting a DEXA test (dual-energy X-ray
absorptiometry) which measures bone density and is considered a reliable
predictor of osteoporosis risk.
Whether you're in the stage of prevention, identification or
treatment, our experts will guide the course. Find out more about osteoporosis.