Stroke and TIA: Who Is Affected

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Topic Overview

About 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. About 610,000 are first strokes, and about 185,000 are recurrent strokes:footnote 1

  • Stroke is a leading cause of death, after heart disease and cancer.
  • Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability.
  • More women than men have a stroke every year. Because women live longer than men, their lifetime risk of stroke is higher than risk of stroke for men.
  • African Americans are more likely than people of other races to have a stroke.

The exact number of people who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not known for certain, because people do not always recognize a TIA. Many people who have had a TIA don't ever see a doctor for it.

Men, African Americans, and Mexican Americans have TIAs more often than women and people of other races.footnote 1



  1. Mozaffarian D, et al. (2014). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2015 update. Circulation, published online December 17, 2014. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000152. Accessed December 24, 2014.


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKarin M. Lindholm, DO - Neurology

Current as ofJanuary 21, 2015