Skip to Content
Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Oophorectomy
Oophorectomy is the
surgical removal of the
ovaries, the part of a woman's reproductive system
that stores and releases eggs for fertilization and produces female sex
Oophorectomy may be done alone or as part of a hysterectomy.
Oophorectomy is often needed when pelvic disease,
ovarian cancer, is present. And it is sometimes recommended when the
hormones produced by the ovaries are making a disease such as breast cancer or
severe endometriosis worse.
In some cases the ovaries are removed to try to reduce the possibility of developing a future disease, such as
ovarian cancer. This is called a prophylactic oophorectomy.
Most hysterectomies do not include oophorectomy. Oophorectomy is done for conditions and diseases such as:
If you do not have an increased risk of ovarian cancer or another disease
that requires the removal of your ovaries, consider the benefits of not having
your ovaries removed. These benefits include:
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Other Works Consulted
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2008, reaffirmed 2010). Elective and risk-reducing Salpingo-oophorectomy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 89. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 111(1): 231–241.
Parker WH, et al. (2013). Long-term mortality associated with oophorectomy compared with ovarian conservation in the Nurses' Health Study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 121(4): 709–716. DOI: http://10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182864350. Accessed October 9, 2014.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofFebruary 25, 2016
Current as of:
February 25, 2016
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Send Us Your Feedback
North Kansas City Hospital