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Testicular Cancer Screening

Topic Overview

Testicular canceris not common. It is often first discovered by the man himself, or his sex partner, as a lump or an enlarged and swollen testicle. In the early stages of testicular cancer, the lump, which may be about the size of a pea, usually is not painful. Testicular cancer has a high cure rate.

Experts have different recommendations for screening for testicular cancer. For example, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Forceadvises against routine testicular examor testicular self-examsin teens and men who have no symptoms.footnote 1The USPSTF says that the evidence shows that these exams have only a small benefit (if any) and may cause harm from false-positive resultsthat lead to having diagnostic tests or procedures you don't need.

Testicular self-examination (TSE) may detect testicular cancer at an early stage. Many doctors do not believe that monthly TSE is needed for men who are at average risk for testicular cancer. Monthly TSE may be recommended for men who are at high risk for testicular cancer. This includes men with a history of an undescended testicleor a family or personal history of testicular cancer.

For more information, see the topic Testicular Cancer.



  1. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2011). Screening for Testicular Cancer: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement. Available online:


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerChristopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology

Current as ofMay 3, 2017

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