Skip to Content
Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Steps for Diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes
type 2 diabetes includes testing for high blood sugar, learning if there are other causes of high blood sugar, and discovering what side effects diabetes has had on your body.
Your doctor will diagnose type 2 diabetes based on your
symptoms, risk factors, physical exam, and blood test results.
Your blood sugar tests show if you have type 2 diabetes,
prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance), or neither
condition. If you don't have type 2 diabetes but you do have symptoms like being very tired, your doctor may look for other causes.
Sometimes there is a medical problem other than diabetes causing your high blood sugar. If so, you have
secondary diabetes. For some people who have secondary
diabetes, the diabetes goes away when the cause is
Treatment for diabetes is based on the type of the disease. There
are two main types:
type 1 and type 2.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will examine you for signs of diabetes side effects, also known as complications. These affect your eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, and nerves. Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without knowing it. So complications from diabetes might have already started by the time the diabetes is diagnosed.
People with diabetes often have other conditions, such as
high blood pressure or
high cholesterol. Your doctor will look
for these problems, because they increase your risk for heart disease and stroke.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerDavid C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
Current as ofNovember 14, 2014
Current as of:
November 14, 2014
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.
Send Us Your Feedback
North Kansas City Hospital